Relationships Between Psychological Empowerment and Job Crafting: The Mediating Role of Job Involvement
Keywords:organizational psychology, psychological empowerment, job involvement, job crafting, contextual behaviour, Estonia
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between job involvement (JI), psychological empowerment (PE), and job crafting (JC). A cross-sectional survey design was used with a convenience sample (N=378) of Estonian employees from different fields. Confirmatory factor analysis and bootstrapping analysis were used to test Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) to examine the relationships between the constructs. Kanungo’s Job Involvement Scale, Menon’s Empowerment Scale and Job Crafting Scale were used in the research. Results confirmed the main hypothesis about JI acting as partial mediator between PE and JC. A bootstrapping analysis revealed significant partial mediations. JI reinforced the positive relationship between the PE perceived control dimension and the JC increasing challenging job demands dimension, and the negative relationship with the JC decreasing hindering job demands dimension. JI had a decreasing effect on relationships between the PE goal internalization dimension and JC increasing challenging job demands, the decreasing hindering job demands dimension and the increasing social job resources dimension.